Development of an IEP

Individualized Education Program/Plan


What is an IEP?

Parents and educators work together to come up with an plan (an IEP) for their child that will help them succeed in school. 

  Does every student need an IEP?
No, children who have been identified as special needs have to have an IEP in order to receive the supports they need.

  Are all IEPs the same?
No, IEPs are developed according to your child specifically.  Each one is individualized to meet the child's unique needs.
  Who puts together the IEP?

  What should an IEP include? An IEP is made up of several components, all relating to the child's unique needs.  Listed below is a list of components in detail.



  IEP components:

  • Present  level of performance - a statement of how the child is performing in specific areas of need.  The student's strengths, interests and needs should be included.


  • Measurable annual goals - Each area of need will have a measurable annual goal.  For each goal, there are benchmarks (small steps to help measure to process of meeting the goal).  Goals help the child be part of the general curriculum and meet other educational needs. Goals should be set according to what the team thinks the student can accomplish in one year.


  • Special Education and Related Services - any extra help or supplementary aids and services provided to the child.


  • Participation in general education - If the child cannot participate in the regular classroom or general curriculum, then the IEP must explain why.


  • Description of services - the IEP must include a date for the beginning of services and modifications, and the anticipated duration, frequency, and location of those services.


  • Transition services - the IEP should include appropriate measurable post-secondary goals based on age-appropriate transition services relating to education, employment, training, and independent living skills (when appropriate).  Transition services must begin by the time the child turns 14 and is then included each year after.


    Click to go back to...

  Special Education Overview Parent Homepage Mrs. Materese's Homepage